Marie Sklodowska Curie

Madame Curie

Marie Curie was a Polish-born French physicist famous for her work on radioactivity and twice a winner of the Nobel Prize.

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EARLY LIFE

Maria Sklodowska, best-known as Madame Curie, was born in Warsaw in modern Poland on November seven, 1867. Her parents were each teachers, and she was the youngest of 5 children, following siblings Zosia, Józef, Bronya and Hela. As a child Curie took when her father, Wladyslaw, a math and physics pedagogue. She had a bright and curious mind and excelled at school. But tragedy stricken early, and when she was only ten, Curie lost her mother, Bronislawa, to tuberculosis.

A top scholar in her school time, Curie could not attend the men-only University of Warsaw. Where she continued her schooling in Warsaw’s “floating university,” a set of underground, informal classes command in surreptitious. Together Curie and her sister Bronya dreamed of going away overseas to earn an official degree, but they lacked the money assets to pay for further schooling. Undeterred, Curie work out a manage her sister. She would work to support Bronya while she was in school and Bronya would come back the favor once she completed her studies.

For roughly five years, Curie work as a teacher and a educator. She uses her extra time to study, reading about physics, chemistry and math. In 1891, Curie finally made her method to Paris wherever she registered at the Sorbonne in Paris. She threw herself interested in her study, but this devotion had a individual value. With little cash, Curie survived on buttered bread and tea, and her strength sometimes suffer for the reason that of her poor diet.

Curie completed her master’s degree in physics in 1893 and earns a different degree in math the subsequent year. Around this time, she received a commission to do a study on different kinds of steel and their magnetic properties. Curie needed a laboratory to work in, and a partner introduced her to French physicist Pierre Curie. A romance developed between the brilliant combine, and they become a reasonable dynamic dual. The pair married on July twenty six, 1895.

Discoveries

Marie and Pierre Curie were dedicated scientists and fully dedicated to each other. At first, they worked on separate project. She was fascinated among the work of Henri Becquerel, a French physicist Who revealed that uranium cast off rays, weaker rays than the X-rays found by Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen.

Curie takes Becquerel’s effort a few stepladders further, conducting her own experiments on uranium rays. She revealed that the rays remain steady, no matter the condition or type of the uranium. The rays, she theorizes, come from the essentials atomic structure. This innovative idea produced the field of atomic physics and Curie herself invents the word radiation to explain the phenomena. Marie and Pierre had a daughter, Irene, in 1897, but their work did not slow down.

Pierre places aside his own work to assist Marie along with her exploration of radiation. Working with the mineral uranium ore, the pair discovered a new Ra (radioactive) component in 1898. They named the element polonium, after Marie’s native country of Poland. They also detected the presence of another Ra (radioactive) material within the pitchblende, and called that Ra. In 1902, the Curies announced that they had created a metric weight unit of pure radium, demonstrating its existence as a unique substance.

Final Days and Legacy

All of her years of work by means of radioactive material took a toll on Curie’s health. She was known to carry test tubes of radium in the order of within the pocket of her lab coat. In 1934, Curie went to the Sancellemoz Sanatorium in Passy, France, to attempt to rest and regain her strong point. She died there on July 4, 1934, of aplastic anemia, which can be caused by protracted disclosure to emission.

Marie Curie made many breakthroughs in her lifetime. She is the most prominent female scientist of all instances, and has received numerous posthumous honors. In 1995, her and her husband’s residue is interred in the Panthéon in Paris, the final resting place of France’s greatest minds. Curie becomes the first and only woman to be laid to have a rest there.

Curie also passed down her love of science to the next generation. Her daughter Irène Joliot-Curie follows her mother footpath, winning the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1935. Joliot-Curie shared the credit with her husband Frédéric Joliot for their effort on their synthesis of new radioactive elements.

Today a number of educational and study institutions and medical center bear the Curie name, including the organization Curie and the Pierre and Marie Curie University, in cooperation inside Paris.


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